Biological Effect Of Ions In Our Environment

Table of Contents:

The next few paragraphs will explain the biological effects of ionization and the correlation between ion density levels and biological responses in humans.

What are the biological effects of ions on humans?

Scientists in biology have been able to demonstrate that negative oxygen ions from our breathing air are essential for our metabolism. With the help of oxygen, the body burns food components such as fat, carbohydrates and proteins into carbon dioxide and water. Breathing in ionized air stimulates the concentration of oxygen in the blood, improving the functioning of the individual organs and improving cell metabolism.

Note that oxygen is only biologically active when it is negatively charged.

The worst "ion robbers" are electrically charged plastic surfaces, household dust and electrical equipment. When there is a shortage of negative oxygen ions, many people suffer from nervousness, feel depressed or tired, have a disturbed night's sleep, or have a reduced mental or physical resistance.

So the best way to keep the air healthy is to banish the "ion robbers", ventilate the room regularly and use natural materials. Scientific research shows that enriching the air with negative ions has a positive effect on humans. There has been a clear increase in resistance, an improvement in concentration and an increase in the joy of life.

When the ion ratio is disturbed - the air contains too many positive oxygen ions, for example when the weather turns - health complaints such as 'not feeling well' occur regularly. These complaints include a dry throat, blocked nose, flu-like feeling, tiredness, sleep problems, headaches, etc.

Ion Concentration and Biological/Physical Correlation

  • Up to 50 ions /cm3 cause physiological disturbances
  • 1.000-2.000 ions/cm3 minimum required for a healthy environment
  • 5,000-50,000 ions/cm3 improves the body's own defence and resistance
  • 50,000-100,000 ions/cm3 kills bacteria and reduce infection hot spots
  • 100,000-500,000 ions/cm3 promotes the body's healing processes

The advantages below are provided when the air is filled with negative ions:

  • Indoor air becomes cleaner and is therefore better for your health
  • The body's resistance becomes higher
  • Inhalation allergies can diminish or disappear
  • Fears and depression can diminish or disappear
  • Diseases can be prevented

Negative ions are constantly in motion. They fly from here to there, divide their charge and collide with great speed on everything in their way. When the skin is struck, the effect is similar to that of a massage. As a result, the blood circulation in the skin increases, making the skin look better and promoting hair growth, increasing resistance and reducing allergic reactions.

Respiratory pathways, activation of the cilia

Respiratory pathways, activation of the cilia
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Small hairs in the nose, the posterior part of the oral cavity and in the trachea should protect us from infections.

Each hair grows from a single active cell. Air pollution and a shortage of negative ions cause the vibrating hairs to stop moving and thus actually become useless.

However, when air with negative ions enters the respiratory tract, the vibrating hairs directly focus and move back and forth, like catching arms.

They grab the dust particles from the air that are inhaled and hold them. Through saliva and escaping moist air, the contaminants are removed to the outside.

Lungs, mucus and cleaning

The positive effect of negative ions on lung function has been conclusively proven. It is easy for negative oxygen ions to reach the lung vesicles, the alveoli. The negative charge of the oxygen ions stimulates the cleaning power of the lungs. Mucus dissolves and contaminants are brought from the lung vesicles (alveoli) to the cilia epithelium after absorption by free macrophages and eliminated or coughed up through the upper respiratory tract in the oesophagus.

Circulatory Embolism Thrombosis

The human body has about 600 million lung vesicles with a surface area of about 100 m2. From the lung vesicles, oxygen is absorbed by the red blood cells (haemoglobin) and reaches the cells through the circulatory system. In the blood there are platelets that produce thrombokinesis, for coagulation of the blood. If the platelets are not "charged" properly, they clot together and clog small veins. A negative charge prevents the clotting by repelling each other. If the charge potential is missing, there is a risk of thrombosis and embolism.

Electrical charge in cells

Each healthy body cell has a cell voltage of -50 to -70 Millivolt. In case of exhaustion this value drops to 0 Millivolt and can even become positive. Due to negative oxygen ions the cells can be 'recharged' over and over again. The cells need oxygen for their metabolism, because oxygen breaks down fat and carbohydrates. As a result, carbon dioxide leaves the cell via the lungs.

Newly absorbed negative oxygen enriches the blood and enters the cell. Simplified metabolism can be represented as follows: Carbohydrates from food and oxygen enter the cell. Both are burned there where carbon dioxide is exhaled through the blood through the lungs.

It is different in cancer cells, for example. These cells lack the burning of oxygen, so a carbon dioxide collection takes place. In addition, negative oxygen stimulates the production of zytrochrom C, an important substance for various processes within the cell itself.


Hormones are produced in the pituitary gland, an organ of only 0.6 to 0.8 grams on the underside of the brain. Despite its low weight and size, it is the supplier of important hormones for the functioning of the adrenal glands, thyroid gland, and reproductive system in both women and men.

Other hormones from the pituitary gland take care of muscles, formation of blood vessels, bowel movement, functioning of the gallbladder and kidneys, but also light sensitivity and therefore tanning of the skin. For the production of hormones electric biological processes are responsible whereby a direct relationship can be recognized between these processes and the air that is inhaled.

Stress and serotonin

The 'stress hormone' serotonin is produced in abundance during actual and avoidable stress and is then found in the Thrombozytes and neurons. It excites people strongly, but also has negative consequences. Arguing, major restlessness, joint pains, depression and headaches can be caused by too high a level of serotonin in the body. Another substance, mono-amin-oxidase, breaks down serotonin. Negative oxygen stimulates the production of mono-amin-oxidase, a substance produced by the body itself.

For example, as far back as in the 1960's Krueger experimented to find that positive ions in the air increase the concentration of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) in the blood and negative ions decrease this concentration. Serotonin is an enzyme that is mainly found in platelets and is used in the detection of a certain type of tumor. Serotonin is converted into an acid that is secreted in urine and therefore the serotonin level can be determined from the concentration of that acid in the urine.

It has been shown that serotonin is important for the temperature regulation of the hypothalamis.  Increasing the concentration of serotonin in the blood leads to the so-called "Serotonin Irritation Syndrome", which is characterized by, for example, tension and migraine. The influence of the Fohn winds etc. can be explained because of this.

Allergies and ions

Chemicals, plastics, fertilizers, pesticides, various exhaust fumes etc. have in part drastically degraded both the indoor and outdoor air. By inhalation of polluted air, the body is put under more stress than normal.

However, the influence that can be exerted on the quality of the air that is inhaled is small. Every day a person breathes in and out about 10,000 liters of air. It is therefore not surprising that many people suffer from respiratory allergies. Negative ions, however, are able to remove various substances from the air that trigger an allergy reaction.

Indoor ionized air

By using an ionizer it is possible to create a similar dynamic balance between negative and positive ions as in untouched nature. Therefore, it makes sense to leave an ionizer constantly on in closed spaces. A surplus of negative ions can never hurt.

Clean air free of dust and bacteria

The air in homes and offices is full of small floating particles. These particles include dust and tobacco smoke that carry bacteria, germs and viruses. Negative ions are capable of causing these particles to clump together to form larger particles that are too heavy to float and precipitate. By normal cleaning of the room with the vacuum cleaner or mop/cloth, these clogged particles are cleared away.

What is the effect of ions in nature?

In nature, there are 0 to 50,000 positive and negative oxygen ions in a single cm3 in a free environment, depending on location, time and weather conditions. Because the ratio between positive and negative ions is 1 : 1.4, there is a surplus of negative oxygen ions.

Below is an overview of the number of negative ions per cm3 in different locations:

  • Waterfall, forest: 50,000
  • Mountains, sea: 5,000
  • City periphery, meadow, field: 700-1,500
  • Park in town: 400-600
  • Sidewalk: 100-200
  • Dwelling downtown: 40-50
  • Closed office with air conditioning: 0-25

What is an ionizer?

An ionizer is an electrical device for the production of negatively charged electrons called ions.

An electric voltage (about 7000 Volt) produces ions. These negatively charged ions attach themselves mainly to dust, germs and bacteria so that very effectively the pollution in the air such as dust, cigarette smoke, pollen and fungi. Not only dust particles from the air are neutralized, but also harmful gases such as formaldehyde, sulfur dioxide and hydrocarbon compounds.

Through artificial ionization, the natural concentration of negative ions can be restored. A normal ionizer produces between 20,000 and 200,000 negative ions per second. The latest generation of Intensive Ionizers produces between 600,000 and 4 million ions per second. To ensure a correct concentration, it is important that at a temperature between 18°C and 24°C, the relative humidity is between 40 and 60%.

Fresh Air Ions