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Ions are electrically charged particles. They are created when a negatively charged particle, an electron, is taken from or added to a molecule or atom. Technically speaking ionization is this process in which an atom or molecule loses or adds an electron from an uncharged state and as a result turns into an ion. Ionisation is not a spontaneous process but is generated with energy.
Ionization (negative) creates a healthier indoor climate because ions react with floating contaminants. Ionization air cleaners cleanse the air by causing contaminants to clump together.
These clusters can then easily be filtered out with a HEPA filter or static collector. The advantage of a static collector of the ionization air cleaner compared to an air cleaner with HEPA filter is that you do not have to replace expensive filters, but simply rinse the collector once every 1-2 weeks under the tap. That can save you a lot of money.
If you read more about ionization you will probably have come across that ozone can be released during ionization. Consumer reports show that there are many ionization air purifiers on the market that exceed the ozone emission standard. In America, many ionization air purifiers are banned for this reason. Ozone is harmful and causes irritation to the respiratory tract and burning eyes. Often a high ionization capacity is directly related to high ozone production. This has in the past resulted in inefficient ionization air purifiers in order not to exceed the maximum ozone emissions.
The natural amount of ions in the air fluctuates constantly, but varies from about 500 to 12,000 ions per cubic centimeter. Climatological conditions influence the amount of ions present in the air. Indoors, these quantities can decrease significantly. Our modern houses and offices keep negative ions out and force us to live in unhealthy environments. Computers, fluorescent lighting, ventilation systems and modern building materials produce an abundance of positive ions.
In forests and near waterfalls, concentrations of negative ions can be as high as 50,000 negative ions per cubic cm, while indoors this can be as low as 0 to 50 negative ions per cubic cm3 depending on the degree of ventilation. Under normal circumstances there is a surplus of negative ions compared to positive ions. With a disturbed ion ratio, i.e. with a surplus of positive ions, complaints can arise such as a dry throat, blocked nose, flu-like sensation, fatigue, sleep problems, headaches and the like.
Especially people with sensitive airways or asthma often have fewer complaints when staying in places where the air contains a lot of ions, such as in the mountains. Negative ions in particular are conducive to well-being and health. The French physicist J. Bricard was the first in the 1950s to see the relationship between the electrical state of the air and micro pollution.
Bricard's law of physics is simple: a low concentration of negative ions in the air equals pollution. A high concentration of negative ions equals healthy air.
Negative ions enter our body through our skin and lungs and are transported by our blood throughout our body. Studies have shown that negative ions relieve asthma and hay fever complaints. Negative ions reduce winter depression, fatigue and headaches without the side effects that medication can have for the same symptoms.
Environments rich in negative ions stimulate productivity, concentration and reduce the risk of mistakes. Negative ions prevent acidification of the blood, caused by loss of electrons. An environment rich in negative ions thus improves the body's immune system and increases resistance to disease.
Negative ions also have a positive effect on our metabolism. In general, negative ions increase the supply of oxygen to the brain. This results in a higher alertness, less drowsiness and more mental energy. Negative ions affect our ability to absorb and utilize oxygen.
Negative ions have a proven positive effect on:
- Asthma, allergies and other respiratory diseases
- Migraine headaches, fatigue and sleep:
- Breathing negative ions regulates the production of serontine in the brain. Too much serontine causes migraine headaches, fatigue and poorer sleep.
- Depression: treatment with negative ions proved to be more effective against depression than anti-depressant drugs, without the side effects that these drugs often have.
- Burns: negative ions stimulate recovery from burn patients.
- Skin care and wrinkles: negative ions strengthen collagen and stimulate blood flow for a supple skin and a reduction of wrinkles.